Hydraulic Pile Hammer Glossary

Hydraulic Pile
Hammer Glossary

The BRUCE Hydraulic Vibro Hammer Standard Glossary of Terminology has specially been prepared with the object of unifying the various technical terms and expressions targeted for majority members of construction conductors on sites who are being involved with BRUCE Pile Hammer and Vibratory Hammer to be operated at the various different Vibro Hammer operation taking place through the world. We wish and aim with our continue efforts that this will be standard in the pile driving industries.
Hammer cushions are constructed of man-made materials that are heat resistant, durable and absorb a certain amount of shock.
Common types of materials are aluminum, micarta and polymer which are in the form of disks.
Hammer cushions are located between the point of the ram or anvil and the pile cap.
Bruce adapted high quality and durable of MC-904 cushion material or Klinger Pad
This system is not only one of the most recently developed by Department of Transportation of USA and also most representative and widely used
in the pile driving industry that calculate after all the Bearing Capacity through the method of Dynamic Measurement and Analysis.
WEAP is short terms as Wave Equation Analysis of Pile Driving and is aiming at finding the relationship between Bearing Capacity,
Pile Stress and Blow Count known as the Bearing graph that can predict Bearing Capacity and a required ultimate Bearing Capacity.
The ultimate purpose of analyzing this GRLWEAP system is to select the most adequate Equipment with its Pile and to decide the Pile Driving Criterion with blow count for capacity and stroke.
A member interposed between the head of the pile and the hammer when it becomes necessary to drive the head of the pile below the reach of the hammer.
Pile which transmits the load primarily by friction developed along with its surface. Friction pile in loose sand is sometimes called compaction pile.
Bruce provides also Followers which is :
An extension, usually steel, used between the top of the pile and the hammer to extend the driving range of the pile (usually below water).
Pile which transmits the load primarily by resistance developed at its toe.
Pile which transmits the load primarily by resistance developed at its toe.
A hammer is raised by a winch and allowed to fall under gravity
The distance the drop hammer is allowed to fall on to the helmet of the pile.
The stroke or drop is the factor that determines the impact on energy delivered by the hammer.
It is also called as Driven Cap??by others and it is essential to protect the heads of various piles.
The Drive Cap fabricated typically by Cast Iron material is shaped to suit the pile sections are used for this purpose.
It is wrapped by a Cap Housing following the design of Hammer structure and is provided with couples of Cushions such as a Dolley,
a Cushion Block and Cushions to protect the Hammer from operational failure may have occurred.